Chronic Disease Risk Reduction
The Chronic Disease Risk Reduction (CDRR) program operates within the Harvey County Health Department. The CDRR grant supports the Health Department in the development and implementation of a comprehensive plan for the reduction of health-risk behaviors. Funded by the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, CDRR grants focus on improving policies, systems and environments to reduce the risk of individuals developing chronic diseases.
Chronic diseases account for roughly 75% of health care costs each year, more than $10 billion per year in Kansas. As states struggle to meet the staggering costs of health care, the most cost-effective interventions are frequently overlooked. Impressive achievements in population health are possible by reducing the prevalence of risk factors that underlie chronic disease and injury. |
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable death and disease in Kansas. Annually, cigarette use alone causes approximately 3,800 deaths in Kansas, costing more than $927 million in medical expenditures and $863 million in lost productivity from an experienced workforce that dies prematurely (CDC SAMMEC). The risks of tobacco use extend beyond actual users. Nearly 9 out of 10 nonsmoking Americans are exposed to secondhand smoke, increasing their risk for lung cancer and heart disease. Additionally, youth continue to use tobacco at an alarming rate. Data from the 2009/2010 Kansas Youth Tobacco Survey (KYTS) reveal that 17.1% of high school students reported using cigarettes. The KYTS also indicates that 15.5% of high school male students in Kansas currently use smokeless tobacco. |
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) results from 2009 indicate that 9.9% of adults in Harvey Country are current smokers and 4% of adults use some form of smokeless tobacco product.
Data compiled by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) show that smoking prevalence among youth and adults declines faster as spending for tobacco control programs is increased. This funding opportunity announcement solicits program grant applications from communities for the purpose of establishing or continuing tobacco control programs at the local level that are sustainable, accountable, and eventually comprehensive as recommended by CDC´s Best Practices for Comprehensive Tobacco Control Programs (October 2007). |
From 1992 to 2007, the prevalence of obesity in Kansas more than doubled from 13% to 29%. Currently, two-thirds (65%) of Kansas adults are either overweight or obese (KS BRFSS, 2010). More than 30% of the 700,000 children living in Kansas are overweight or at risk for becoming overweight. Healthcare costs related to obesity are excessive. In Kansas, an estimated $657 million is spent per year in total direct medical costs with Medicare and Medicaid expenditures of $138 million and $143 million, respectively (Finkelstein E. A, et al. Obesity Research. 2004:12(1):18-24). In 2005, obesity contributed to the deaths of 3,700 Kansans.
The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey (BRFSS) results from 2009 indicate that 24.8% of adults in Harvey Country are currently obese and 41.8% are overweight.
More information is available at The Weight of the Nation, Confronting America's Obesity Epidemic.
Obese Kansans are less likely to participate in leisure time physical activity (61%) than normal weight or under-weight Kansans (44%), highlighting the relationship between obesity and physical activity (KS BRFSS, 2009). Fewer than 50% of Kansans in 2009 attained the recommended amount of physical activity per week (KS BRFSS, 2009). In Harvey County 56.1% of adults are not participating in the recommended amount of physical activity (KS BRFSS, 2009).
Harvey County received its first Chronic Disease Risk Reduction (CDRR) grant for fiscal year 2008 and has received funding every year since the first grant. The grant allows for a part-time staff person.
The Healthy Harvey Coalition meets the first Wednesday of every even month at Noon in the Prairie Room at Newton Medical Center. Join us!